Science has given the world so many tremendous achievements that in the near future, perhaps, we will not need a natural egg or sperm in order to produce a child; it will be enough just to take a skin cell, make sperm and an egg cell, and Voi la.
According to Dr. Duru Shah, the head and scientific director of the Gynaecworld clinic in the Indian city of Mumubai, before infertility treatment, in fact, was simply a medical procedure and was not based on any assessment or any diagnostic criteria. It was based more on experience, intuition, and sensation, and therefore unnecessary operations sometimes occurred. In earlier times, in fact, the reasons also differed from those with which we have to deal today. The problem was that women married early and had children early, but they also had problems with infections.
Many women were infected, fallopian tubes were clogged, and many women required tubal plastic or pure fallopian tubes. This was the reason for the emergence of a new IVF technique, which is a form of artificial insemination. The natural physiological process takes place in the fallopian tube, where the egg cell and the sperm meet, and fertilization takes place there, followed by pregnancy. In the process of solving the problem of finding an alternative way of reproduction, the concept of in vitro fertilization arose, in which the female eggs are removed from the body, fertilized with sperm, and then in laboratory conditions the embryos are created, which are then placed in the woman’s womb so that she can give birth to her own child.
Science has progressed incredibly fast to such an extent that today we can make an embryo using only one spermatozoon, whereas in the past this required a million spermatozoa. Today we can take eggs from other women and transplant them to women who need them. We can borrow embryos from couples who have their surplus, and who are willing to donate these excess embryos to other people. You can use these embryos for women who dream of getting pregnant, but cannot do it themselves for objective reasons. It is possible to transplant the uterus to women who were born without this important reproductive organ. You can offer a surrogacy program for women who are willing to bear the child for another woman, who either has no uterus or has problems with the uterus, who cannot bear the child herself because she suffered a hysterectomy due to a serious illness, or maybe she suffers a medical disorder that may cause pregnancy to harm her health.
Therefore, surrogacy develops mainly in order to help women who have problems with the reproductive organs or their function. Egg donation is important for women who have problems with their own eggs, and this is what we see today for many of our young women who live in urban areas, smoke, get married later, and if they even get married early, they give birth later. when their eggs are less prone to pregnancy.
It should be remembered that women in the ovaries have a fixed number of eggs, and when these eggs lose quality, they are not the best way to continue the race. Therefore, many women who are trying to get pregnant today and are unable to do so use the biological material of other women. In this case, the cryopreservation of eggs, which allows you to take eggs from, say, a thirty-year-old woman and store them until she wants to use them at the age of 40, came to their aid.
Based on The Healthworld