From the point a perfect surrogate match is made to the birth of a healthy baby you will have many questions during the surrogacy process. This is why you need a leading surrogacy agency guiding you through the entire process. The most common question is: Can I have sex during my IVF cycle? After consulting your fertility doctor, the right expert will typically advise: Listen to your body.

Sex Before IVF Treatment

Happy morning of the young couple. There is usually nothing dangerous about having sex before IVF treatment, including in the morning. However, many women complain that sex before IVF treatment is uncomfortable because the ovaries are enlarged due to fertility medications.

Sex Pre-Transfer of Embryo

Sex during the stimulation phase of an IVF cycle is permissible as long as the couple is using a form of barrier contraceptive, such as a condom. To avoid any trouble, protected sex is urged in the event of unexpected ovulation. Some IVF patients may produce too many follicles causing ovarian hyperstimulation. In these cases, patients are advised to avoid sex because the ovaries are very enlarged and cystic. Intercourse could lead to the rupture of a cyst on the enlarged ovaries or a twisting of the ovary on its blood supply. Although extremely rare, these types of complications should be proactively avoided.

Sex Post-Embryo Transfer

Intercourse is discouraged following an embryo transfer during an IVF cycle. Pelvic rest is recommended for 5 to 7 days after embryo transfer. This is to ensure that a pregnancy test can reliably be administered. Pelvic Rest gives the embryo optimal time to implant into the uterine wall. Most patients can then resume normal sexual activity a week or two after the embryo transfer.

Sex after IVF treatment.

Couples who have sex at or around the time an IVF embryo is implanted have more chance of becoming pregnant, say researchers. However, a UK expert says that the tiny risk of the womb expelling the new embryo after sex would lead him not to recommend it immediately after IVF.

The study, reported in New Scientist magazine, was carried out at Adelaide University, where scientists checked the progress of more than 1,000 embryo transfers. Half the women involved were asked to have sex in the days around the transfer, half told to avoid it. Lead researcher Kelton Tremellen found a 50% improvement in the number of embryos that successfully implanted.

However, most of these involved extra multiple pregnancies, such as twins and triplets, rather than more singleton pregnancies.

The researchers suggest that a component of semen may have the effect of affecting the immune system so that it does not reject the new embryo.

Genetic defects

Although two or sometimes three embryos are implanted in the womb, many do not develop into pregnancies, and others miscarry at a very early stage, although scientists are not entirely sure why. It has been suggested that some embryos carry genetic defects which mean they can never become a child. Dr Simon Fishel, Director of the Centre for Assisted Reproduction at the Park Hospital in Nottingham, told that the extra pregnancies may be due to the natural fertilization of extra eggs released after the woman is given fertility drugs, but not harvested by the doctors to be fertilized in vitro. Provided there is no specific reason which entirely rules out pregnancy, such as blocked fallopian tubes, there is always a small chance of naturally created embryos implanting alongside those produced with IVF. He said that while it was highly unlikely that sex following implantation could dislodge the embryo, there was still a theoretical chance. "If intercourse for any reason brought about contractions of the uterus, it could expel the embryo. So we advise couples not to be sexually active immediately after IVF."

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